JUNGIAN THERAPY


The focus of this therapy is to help clients live authentically, as who they are intended to be, bringing internal struggles (opposites) into harmony, and to fully individuate in the archetype of wholeness.


Techniques:


1. Analysis of transference - four stages are addressed:

a. The client's personal history projections onto the therapist

b. The client differentiates his/or her own unconscious from the collective

c. The therapist's reality is differentiated from the superimposed images

d. The achievement of greater knowledge and insight within the self having worked through the transference and into an authentic relationship with the therapist


2. Active imagination - one identifies an entity (i.e. shadow figure, anima, maternal figure, male) through a dream or other scene, and he/or she activates attention to the figure through meditation. The client is invited to enter the scene and dialogue with the entity, usually one that has qualities opposite the ego, thereby accessing rejected elements and availing them to the conscious mind. This may be done in writing, art, sculpting, dance, or other medium.


3. Dream analysis - Jung believed that images are a reflection of something within the person, and that the dream world could allow the individual access to the unconscious within the self, specific to the dreamer.


4. Individuation - involves the development of the individual's personality via making conscious the individual's unconscious and the collective unconscious tendencies. It is considered to be both a goal and something to develop throughout the lifespan.


5. Sandplay - involves the use of a tray of sand for free expression, often used with figures, symbols, avatars, or other miniature objects. This engages both children and adults in free expression and has been used successfully in a variety of trauma work.


6. Shadow work - addresses the qualities that do not fit our image of ourselves - anger, hatred, jealousy, greed, lust, and shame. It also address behaviors that are not culturally acceptable such as aggression, addiction, and dependency. The goal is to integrate parts of ourselves that we try to hide from.


7. Journaling - allows the client to keep track of thoughts, feelings and behaviors so they can see their progress during therapy.


8. Rituals - involves a series of actions involving the entire family in a sequence of steps, forming a play that is to be enacted under specific circumstances. An example of a ritual is a family sitting together daily, each getting equal time to speak well of the family, with no negative opinions allowed.